Usually low voltages or DC(Direct Current) is used by the electronic circuits, because load does not need very high power and just a few capacitors, resistors, I.C or other components will not require much power to perform their jobs and it will be powered by a 18650 lithium battery or any other battery source with required voltage and current.
It is difficult for students to understand how electric circuits function. The processes involved are invisible because they occur at the atomic level and thus are abstract in nature. Electricity can not be felt with using the personal senses (unless we receive an electric which is certainly unwanted), electricity cannot be manipulated directly, and what is happening is thus not readily apparent.
One way to make this topic more accessible is to use analogies (Lakoff and Johnson 2008). Analogies are examples which possess similar features, or work in a comparable manner, to the ideas that you wish to teach (Harrison and Coll 2007). They offer an excellent method of visualising difficult and unfamiliar concepts, or ideas that can not be directly seen.
We tour schools offering either single project days, or more extended project work over many weeks and combining multidisciplinary work, mainly to students aged 11 to 14. Through the construction of these cars students learn about electrical circuits and how solar energy functions.