Going with the flow: Using analogies to explain electric circuits Going with the flow: Using analogies to explain electric circuits.
They have been widely used in primary and secondary education (e.g. Duit 1991; de Bóo and Asoko 2000; Asoko and Boo 2001). Analogies are particularly suitable for use in physics (Reiners and Glynn 1995; Kircher and Hauser 1995). They are ideal for teaching principles relating to electricity (Dupin and Johsua 1989, Cosgrove 1995). Students can use analogies to relate with something they are already familiar with and see the similarities between the two systems.
Electronic circuits usually use direct current sources. The load of an electronic circuit may be as simple as a few resistors, capacitors, and a lamp, all connected together to create the flash in a camera. Or an electronic circuit can be complicated, connecting thousands of resistors, capacitors, and transistors. It may be an integrated circuit such as the microprocessor in a computer.
This open hands-on model building effectively combines theoretical and practical STEM skills. Analogies are ideal in supporting and complementing this practical model making and reinforcing the principles taught.